6 de Junio de 2019

Baby sitzt am Strand und spielt mit seinen bunten Spielsachen im Sand

UV STANDARD 801 is an independent testing and certification system with which textiles can be evaluated, certified and labelled according to how effectively they protect against UV rays.

Sun exposure: prevention

Excessive exposure to the sun can have harmful effects on health. Ultraviolet radiation is the main cause of the harmful effects of solar radiation on the body, which can cause immediate damage, from a slight reddening of the skin to burns, or injuries both immediate (skin reddening) and more long-term (skin cancer). There is no longer any doubt about the danger of prolonged exposure to the sun; it is essential for consumers to be aware of the need to take all necessary precautions to avoid the consequences of cumulative solar radiation, especially with babies and toddlers. Most textile manufacturers are greatly interested in the problems and the dangers of exposure to sunlight and the protection that can be provided by textile, since consumers want to choose textiles that guarantee a high level of UV protection.

UV STANDARD 801 Certification

UV STANDARD 801 certification is for any type of fabric that will be in prolonged contact with sunlight, regardless of its composition, structure or colour: swimsuits, sportswear, caps, etc. there are two product categories depending on use:
• Class I: Fabrics for clothing
• Class II: Fabrics for shade

The Standard was developed in 1999 by the International Association of Testing for Protection against UV Radiation. The certification process measures the UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor), which specifies the sun protection factor of textile materials. Textiles with UV protection provide an extremely effective barrier against UV rays. Depending on the substrate used, they can provide a UPF of up to 80.

Article published in AITEX REVIEW nº62 continue Reading

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AITEX’s Advanced Protective Equipment Laboratory


17th May 2019


AITEX’s mission is to continue to innovate and improve the services we provide by concentrating on the evolution of our laboratory facilities for PPE’s which were outside the scope of our original remit. As a Notified Body, we have worked for years evaluating the conformity of PPE’s such as gloves, clothing and harnesses. Harnessing our experience to meet our clients’ demands, we have strived to equip our laboratories with the most up to date equipment to evaluate PPEs designed for eye, facial and respiratory protection, helmets and dielectric gloves for high-tension power line workers.

There are many different types of risk factors which could affect an operator’s eyesight at work and the right type of PPE must be selected for a given health and safety risk.

Another risk to which operators may be exposed, and of no less importance, is that of lung diseases contracted from breathing contaminated or oxygen-deficient air at work. The employer must provide operators with respiratory protection as a preventative measure whenever necessary, as risks may cause irreversible harm or even death, and this type of PPE is classified as Type III.

Type III PPEs provide protection in high-tension work, and the use of insulating gloves and sleeves is obligatory in any work environment where the risk exists. The laboratory performs non-destructive testing to current standards to individually test PPEs before use and then again six months later to ensure that the article continues to provide the class of protection for which it has been designed.

Last but not least is head protection: the head houses different vital organs that need protecting  and which are exposed to different risks including mechanical injuries such as trauma and impact, noise, vibration, electromagnetic radiation, electricity, aerosols, particle vapours etc.

AITEX has extended its scope as a Notified Body to cover the evaluation of different filtration and respiratory equipment. To meet these wider needs, the Institute has recently installed a range of testing equipment to comply with the various standards necessary to certify a whole array of protective equipment.

Requirements for helmets

The minimum requirements that a helmet must comply with depend on the degree and nature of the risk. According to the EU’s harmonised list of standards, the following apply to helmet certification:

  • EN 397:2012+A1:2012 Industrial Safety Helmets
  • EN 50365:2002 Insulating helmets for use on low voltage installations
  • EN 812 Industrial bump caps
  • EN 14052 High performance industrial helmets
  • EN 443:2008 Helmets for firefighting in buildings and other structures
  • EN 966:2012+A1:2012 Helmets for airborne sports
  • EN 1077:2007 Helmets for alpine skiers and snowboarders
  • EN 1078:2012+A1:2012 Helmets for pedal cyclists and for users of skateboards and roller skates
  • EN 12492:2012 Mountaineering equipment. Helmets for mountaineers. Safety requirements and test methods

Ocular and facial protection requirements

Harmonised standard EN 166:2001 specifies the necessary requirements for a PPE to be certified as offering protection against a range of risks, and further classifies the PPE as optical (EN 167: 2001) and non-optical (EN 168:2001). The first category covers properties including transmittance, optical power and light diffusion.

Obligatory requirements include the following tests: incremental resistance, resistance to ageing, stability in high temperatures, UV resistance, resistance to corrosion and fire, and others.

Specific requirements depend on the type of protectors and particular protection against different risks including: optical radiation, impact by high speed particles, molten metal, burning solids, liquid splashes and drips, large dust particles, gases and fine particles, electric arc flash and side protection. Electrical arc flash is tested under GS ET 29 and performed at AITEX’s Madrid facilities.

Optional requirements include resistance to surface deterioration by fine particles, fogging, protection with high IR reflectance and impact by high-speed, high-temperature particles.

Requirements for respiratory protection

Filtering respiratory equipment can comprise the following components:

1. Face adaptor + filter

– Face adaptor:

  • Full mask (EN 136).
  • Half or quarter mask (EN 140)

– Filters:

  • Particle filter (EN 143)
  • Gas filter, gas and particle filter (EN 14387)

– Masks without inhalation valves and with detachable gas filters, gas and particle filters or particle only filters (EN 1827)

2. Self-filtering mask

– Self-filtering masks can be fitted with a valve or not:

  • Against particles (EN 149)
  • Against gases and gases and particles (EN 405)

Requirements for insulating gloves and sleeves

AITEX tests safety equipment made of elastomers for electrical work (rubber and latex, synthetic, natural or combined).

Insulating gloves are covered by EN 60903:2003 + C1:2003 + C2:2005 and are categorised as below:

  • Insulating gloves (IG).
  • Composite gloves (with mechanical properties) (CG).
  • Long composite gloves (LG).

Classification by special properties are designated as follows:

  • A    Acid
  • H    Oil
  • Z    Ozone
  • R    Acid, oil and ozone
  • C    Very low temperatures

Insulating sleeves are covered by EN 60984:1992 and IEC 60984:2014 and are categorised as below:

  • Straight sleeve
  • Curved or angled sleeve

Classification by special properties are designated as follows:

  • A    Acid
  • H    Oil
  • Z    Ozone
  • S    Oil and ozone
  • C    Very low temperatures

EU Certification of Type

Before any PPE can be marketed in the EU it must meet the health and safety requirements laid out in EU Standard 2016/425, through the following evaluation of conformity procedure: EU Examination of Type (module B).

Through the procedure, the Notified Body not only evaluates the prototype of the PPE using harmonised testing procedures, but also its technical documentation, the information leaflet accompanying the article and its labelling. Once approved, the Notified Body will issue an evaluation report and an EC Certificate of Type.

The EU Certificate of Type will be issued together with either of the following options:

  •  Conformity of type based on an internal production appraisal and random supervised production QA checks (module C2) 
  •  Conformity of type based on production QA testing (module D)

AITEX has recently been approved and notified to test, evaluate and certify personal respiratory protection equipment under module B and to issue the EU Certificate of Type. The Institute has also been approved to evaluate Category III PPEs (module C2); which requires AITEX to undertake random production testing at least once a year, and at the latest a year after issuing the certificate to verify production homogeneity and the PPE’s conformity with that described in its EU Certificate of Type. Once each step has been completed, the manufacturer must then display the EC kite mark on its products, in compliance with the EU’s harmonised requirements and may then market the articles.

Protection equipment in this category, and the EC mark, must show the identification number of the Notified Body that carries out the production QA testing and be accompanied by a Declaration of Conformity in accordance with annexe VI, Standard 2016/425, for each PPE model.

More information: 

AITEX’s Advanced PPE Testing Laboratory 

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Notified Body for the certification of marine equipment


25 de abril

inside of a luxury boat, beautiful cabine interior

Maritime transport is a market in continuous growth and most articles connected with it require special certification. Among other requirements, any article must pass safety standards which are covered by international agreements.

Health and safety in international maritime transport

The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) is the UN’s specialised agency that deals with the safety and protection of international maritime transport and the prevention of marine pollution by ships. It was created by virtue of an agreement adopted on March 17, 1948 in Geneva, under the auspices of the United Nations, and met for the first time in January 1959. It currently has 172 Member States.

In the beginning, its remit revolved around the drawing up of international agreements and regulations on safety and prevention of marine pollution. The first task of the IMO when it was created in 1959, was to adopt a new version of the International Convention for the Safety of Human Life at Sea (SOLAS Convention), the most important of all maritime safety treaties.

The main objective of the SOLAS Convention is to establish minimum standards for the safety of the construction, equipment and use of ships. Flag States are responsible for ensuring that ships flying their flag comply with the provisions of the Convention, which prescribes the issuance of a series of certificates as proof that this has been done.

The global dimension of shipping requires the European Commission to implement and support the international regulatory framework for maritime safety.

Harmonisation across the EU solves these problems. Directive 2014/90 / EU together with Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/773 and other international instruments, establish common rules to eliminate differences in the application of international standards through a series of clearly identified requirements and uniform certification procedures.

The free movement of goods is a cornerstone of the European single market and the EU has developed original and innovative instruments to eliminate barriers to the free movement of goods. The mechanisms established to achieve this objective are based on the prevention of new obstacles to trade, mutual recognition and technical harmonisation.

MarED (Marine Equipment Directive)

The Marine Equipment Directive (MarED) provides a framework for coordination and cooperation between its members, the Commission and observers in the implementation of the Maritime Equipment Directive. It is the intention of MarED to be a conduit for the exchange of information among the members and to harmonise technical aspects. In addition, MarED aims to resolve areas of doubt to enable a consensus to be reached on the procedures of EC-type examination and type examination modules in order to avoid differences between Notified Bodies.

AITEX’s role as a Notified Body

AITEX is Notified Body number 0161 and can issue marine equipment certificates for fire protection, accredited under EN ISO/IEC 17065:2012 and is recognised by the IMO. The Institute is approved to issue certificates for the following articles:

  • MED/3.1: Primary deck coating
  • MED/3.3: Firefighting equipment: Protective clothing (immediate proximity)
  • MED/3.5: Firefighting equipment: Gloves
  • MED/3.13: Non-combustible material
  • MED/3.18: Flame-retardant surfaces and floor coatings
  • MED/3.19: Upholstery, curtains and other hanging textiles
  • MED/3.20: Upholstered furniture
  • MED/3.21: Bedding

For more information:
AITEX’s Fire Behaviour Laboratory

Artículo publicado en AITEX review nº61, seguir leyendo:

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1st April 2019

For 2019, the objective of the OEKO-TEX® Association is to strengthen consumer protection and sustainability throughout the textile and leather value chain. Existing guidelines for OEKO-TEX® certifications have been modified in early 2019. The new regulations come into force on April 1st 2019, after a three-month transition period.

Below is an overview of the main changes:

OEKO-TEX® cumple con la nueva “Legislación CMR del Anexo XVII de REACH”

Benzene and four amine salts have been included in STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® and the LEATHER STANDARD by OEKO-TEX®, which sets their limits. Quinoline, which has been under observation by OEKO-TEX® since 2018, is now also regulated with a limit value.

In the course of the standardisation of requirements the symbol “<” now applies to almost all limit values.

For more than 25 years, OEKO-TEX® strategy has not been to wait for legislation, but rather to be proactive as a pioneer in consumer protection. As a result of the implementation of the updates mentioned above, STANDARD 100 and LEATHER STANDARD already meet the requirements of the new “REACH legislation of Annex XVII CMR” (Commission Regulation (EU) 2018/1513). In contrast, this legislation addressing 33 CMR substances will only apply to products as of November 1, 2020, making OEKO-TEX® a way to stay ahead while covering many other consumer issues.

New limit values for certificates

The incorporation of several substances: the siloxanes D4, D5 and D6, as well as diazene-1,2-dicarboxamide (ADCA). In addition, a requirement for barium and selenium extractable metals has now been established.

The requirements of Appendix 6 for phthalate (softener) parameters, as well as per- and poly-fluorinated compounds have been restricted, which will result in a lower overall impact on the environment, operators and consumers.

Glyphosate under observation

In 2019, two new product groups will be under observation: glyphosate and its salts, as well as the Carcinogenic N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances.

Glyphosate products are found in herbicides, receiving heavy media attention during 2017 and 2018, and were the subject of controversial debates around the world. At the end of 2017, glyphosate was temporarily approved by the EU for five years, despite the protests of various consumer and environmental groups. The OEKO-TEX® Association is currently analysing glyphosate more closely in textile materials.

A broad catalogue of products for sustainable production

STeP by OEKO-TEX® will be extended to cover leather manufacturers in 2019. In addition, the name will also be updated to reflect this integration: “Sustainable Textile Production” will become “Sustainable textile and leather production”, but the name of the certification will remain the same: STeP by OEKO-TEX.

More information:

Download document:

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Quality control and the evaluation of material’s properties for the automotive sector


21st February


The car is synonymous with modernity, innovation, change and development and the automotive sector is constantly evolving and progressing. Parts suppliers work constantly to improve materials to meet the specifications required by the carmakers and interior design keeps ahead of trends.

Upholstery structures and materials

The upholstery is a very important component of a car’s interior, to the point where its design and the composition represents an added-value factor to the interior. For upholstery manufacturers use multilayer materials called sandwich upholstery, which comprise several components, in two or three layers. A three-layer upholstery contains the following:

  • A first layer, which is made of woven or knitted polyester fabrics for most vehicles.
  • An intermediate layer where the polyester is bonded to a foam, which can be an ether or ester-type polyurethane. The foam gives the upholstery comfort and softness, known as “soft”.
  • The back of the upholstery, a thin, non-woven or knitted fabric is used as an acoustic and thermal absorbent.

A two-layer upholstery is thinner, does not contain intermediate foam and is formed by polyester fabric and non-woven or circular knitted fabric, which acts as a barrier.

Manufacturing and technical requirements

Upholstery manufacture is usually performed on a machine called a foamiser, which works with flame jets and rollers. The materials pass through the rollers and are bonded together by the heat of the flame. Adhesives are not usually used and it is very important to control the height of the flame, the speed of entry and exit of the components, their tension, etc.

Carmakers are very aware of the safety of the occupants. To comply with regulations and ensure the health of occupants, lightweight materials are needed which do not emit toxic substances that may be harmful; the emission of formaldehyde, amines, VOCs (volatile organic compounds) and odours are all strictly controlled. Although it is virtually impossible to eliminate the smell inside a vehicle, efforts are made to ensure it remains neutral, that is, the interior does not smell of anything.

However, leather upholstery is used in more expensive ranges of vehicles. Leather must comply with requirements demanded by carmakers in terms of aging, emissions, colourfastness, physical properties, microbiological tests and reaction to fire. As regards smell, it is accepted that this type of upholstery smells of leather, but it must always be within margins that do not offend the occupants.

The following are the requirements that vehicle manufacturers must meet with upholstery of certain weight, thickness and composition:

  • That they possess good chemical and physical performance against soiling and cleaning, detergents, dry and wet rubbing, pilling and staining with water and other agents.
  • Strength and stretch, seam bursting, moisture absorption, adhesion strength, elongation and recovery, resistance to snagging and abrasion performance are within manufacturer’s specifications.
  • That they do not degrade in UV light, and their colour has good fastness
  • That they possess optimal fire and combustion performance

These criteria are designed to guarantee manufacturing standards and the use of high-performance materials to create first-class interiors, to meet the requirements of ever more demanding buyers.

For more information contact:
AITEX’s Automotive and Transport Technical Unit

Article published in AITEX review nº61, continue reading:

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Publication of the UNE Standard for flushable products


28 Ferbuary

Foto toallitas
  • The UNE 149002 standard establishes the criteria and requirements that identify which products are biodegradable and disintegrable and therefore, can be disposed of or not in the toilet.

  • Among other requirements, the Standard indicates that the products must not contain synthetic materials and that they must successfully pass all the required tests.

  • The standard was promoted by the water and paper industries and drawn up with the participation of all the parties involved, being the result of a common consensus. AITEX has actively participated in the development of the standard as a technical expert.

The Spanish Standardisation Association, UNE, has published UNE 149002: 2019 Criteria for acceptance of disposable products via the toilet. The Standard establishes the requirements that identify which products are biodegradable and disintegrable and, consequently, whether they can be flushed or not.
AITEX performs the laboratory tests according to UNE 149002, consisting of:

  • Composition
  • Disintegration
  • Sedimentation
  • Aerobic biodegradation
  • Anaerobic biodegradation

The standard provides an effective response to the problem of obstructions in the sanitation network, by allowing quality disposable products that are environmentally friendly, by establishing objective criteria.

UNE 149002 applies to products commonly used in the bathroom, which are designed, labelled and marketed implicitly or explicitly as flushable.
Wet toilet paper and other disposable products must meet the requirements established for the tests indicated above through acceptance criteria. For example, the products should not contain synthetic materials in their composition.

The Standard also establishes the marking, labelling and information that should be displayed on compliant products, to ensure that only those that are effectively disposable end up in the toilet.

The Standard has been strongly supported by the Spanish water and paper industries, who, concerned about this problem, formed a working group whose secretariat developed the Spanish Association of Water Supply and Sanitation (AEAS) within the Spanish Standardisation Association, UNE. The Technical Committee has prepared the Standard for Standardisation CTN 149 – Water Engineering, in which all the parties involved participated and agreed unanimously.
Among them are the sector associations, corporate members of UNE: the Spanish Association of Water Supply and Sanitation Companies (AEAS); Association of Pulp, Paper and Cardboard Manufacturers (ASPAPEL); National Association of Perfumery and Cosmetics (STANPA) and Association of Detergent Companies and Cleaning, Maintenance and Related Products (ADELMA). Water operators, manufacturers and processors of raw materials, testing laboratories and wastewater pump manufacturers, among others, have also participated.

For more information contact:

The Spanish Association for Standardisation- UNE:

AITEX’s Health and Hygiene Products Technical Unit:

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AITEX becomes a FIFA approved for the certification of artificial turf quality on football pitches


The FIFA quality concept has become an internationally recognised standard and guarantee of a product’s excellence and durability. The seal guarantees that a synthetic turf pitch provides an optimal surface for the game.

The demand to certify pitches in Spain is increasing almost daily and there are now 2,483 FIFA-certified pitches globally with 60 in Spain.

The FIFA quality concept for synthetic surfaces “Football Turf” was created with the commitment to standardise the quality and the safety of artificial surfaces for footballers, and to encourage the development of artificial turf technology.

FIFA recognised the potential of artificial turf for the future of soccer because its resistance to weather and heavy use makes it an ideal alternative to natural grass. However, there are huge differences in quality between the various third-generation surface systems that are available on the market, which require exhaustive quality control.

Only artificial play surfaces that have been tested in the laboratory and the field in accordance with FIFA’s strict Quality Program testing criteria can obtain the certification.

FIFA has designated two categories, or seals of quality, for artificial turf depending on the needs of the players and the use to which the surfaces are intended:

FIFA QUALITY is primarily intended for amateur football at a beginner level and for practice, essentially in the public domain and is valid for three years.
FIFA QUALITY PRO is aimed at professional and high performance football and is valid for one year.
Before an artificial turf pitch can be approved, both the product and the final installation must undergo a series of tests. The certificate is granted only to an installed pitch. Only if an artificial turf pitch meets the requirements stipulated in the testing manual will it receive the seal and be classified as synthetic turf suitable for football.

The rigorous procedure, which includes a phase of laboratory tests and a final installation test, guarantees that synthetic turf meets the requirements of performance, safety, durability and quality. The two test phases focus on the following aspects:

• Interaction between the player and the playing surface
• Interaction between the ball and the playing surface
• Product composition
• Resistance to weather
• Strength of the seams
• Durability


Article originally published in AITEX review nº60, continue reading

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AITEX gains ENAC approval for anchoring devices for more than one user


The CEN / TS 16415: 2013 standard is a technical specification that establishes recommendations on requirements, test equipment, test methods, labelling and the information supplied by the manufacturer for anchoring devices intended to be used by more than one user simultaneously.

CEN / TS 16415: 2013 is not applicable to:

• Anchoring devices intended for a single user, which are covered by EN 795: 2012
• Anchoring devices used in sports or recreational activities
• Equipment designed according to EN 516 or EN 517
• Elements or parts of structures installed for a purpose other than anchoring devices or points
• Structural anchors

The aforementioned technical specification is very similar to “EN 795: 2012 Personal protective equipment against falls. Anchoring devices “. The main difference is that tests are performed with higher loads and under more severe requirements to demonstrate that anchoring devices intended for more than one user or multiple users will be able to withstand the weight, impact force and the shock of the fall prevention assembly in case of an accident.
Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) passing the test will comply with the test requirements established in the corresponding technical standards, which specify the characteristics and features that individual protection equipment must comply with.
AITEX has all the necessary technical and testing infrastructure to carry out all the tests required for the homologation of a PPE against falls from height, in compliance with European and American regulations in force.
The specially-designed equipment is described below.

• Fall Tower for the realisation of free fall or guided fall tests to reproduce the fall of an operator or climber from a certain height.
• High-capacity dynamometer for performing static tests to determine the behaviour of the system while subjected to a force.

Article originally published in AITEX review nº60, continue reading

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A FIA-approved organisation for the homologation of drivers’ clothing


It is very likely that anyone interested in the world of safety, and in particular safety clothing, often wonders what kind of clothing is worn by Formula 1 drivers: its attributes must include fireproof, antistatic and breathable performance.

It is widely known that the FIA “International Motor

Racing Federation” closely controls everything that surrounds the world of racing, in every country, at every track and within each club. With a classic style of government more akin to a nation state, The FIA, founded in 1904 and based in Paris, began with the main objective of providing governance and safety within the world of motorsports. It brings together 245 national motorsport and sports organisations from 143 countries on all five continents and its member clubs represent millio

ns of motorists and their families.

Within the complex governing framework of the FIA is the Homologation section, which is in charge of approving vehicles, helmets, fuel, etc. as well as all clothing and gloves. This is where AITEX comes into the frame, providing the full depth of its knowledge and experience in the treatment of textiles and the certification and homologation of clothing and gloves for any type of risk: particularly heat and flame, which are those that a Formula 1 racing driver may suffer to a greater degree.

To be part of the FIA, AITEX requested acceptance as a collaborating laboratory to perform technical tests according to FIA regulations for clothing and gloves, since product homologation is always issued by FIA. To this end, after a long process of documentation, regulatory studies and passing all of the FIA’s audits and controls at our facilities, we were awarded an FIA homologation number after the final audit, held on November 17, 2015, the date on which entry into the FIA was recorded.

Technical List No. 21 (available at lists all the organisations accredited by FIA for the homologation of driver’s and mechanic’s clothing including gloves, according to the rules of FIA 8856-2000 Protective Clothing for automobile drivers, 8867-2016 Protective Clothing for mechanics and 8868-2018 Biometric Devices. The list is short, at only 11 organisations, AITEX being one.

Article published in AITEX Review nº60, continue Reading

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AITEX to participate in the theoretical-practical session at the Anecorm Congress


29th june

The 12th Anecorm Congress will be held from 24 to 26 October in Seville. The motto of the upcoming edition is “Bridging the gap to advanced practices”.  

During the Congress, on October 25, a theoretical-practical session will be run by AITEX, on “Duality of Healthcare Products and Individual Protection Equipment. An update on the regulations regarding patient and professional safety “.

The objective of the session is to raise awareness of the regulations for the correct choice of products in public tenders. Update the applicable technical requirements. Improve the interpretation of labels.

Attendance at the theoretical-practical sessions is only for those attending the Anecorm Congress. Places are limited, and will be awarded by strict order of registration until the end of available places.

AITEX is notified body for certification of Personal Protection Equipment (EPI) No. 0161. Some medical devices are by definition dual products: they protect the patient from infections from the healthcare professional (Health Product) and protect the wearer against chemical and biological risks (category III high risk EPI). AITEX provides a Certification Service, Production QA and labelling evaluation for the certification of dual health products.


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