Protective headgear is used in all sorts of industrial spaces and applications to prevent workplace accidents and as Personal Protection Equipment, or PPEs. They must comply with strict performance requirements laid down in EEC Directive 89/686/EEC before they can be offered for sale.

The manufacturer must submit an example for EC testing before its performance rating can be displayed on a label affixed to the helmet. The helmet must pass minimum mechanical, electrical and thermal performance standards and a notifying body such as AITEX will issue a certificate showing that the PPE has passed all the requirements contained within the Directive.

Protective headgear

Protective helmets for industrial use are considered to be PPEs and must be evaluated against a range of hazards which the wearer may be subjected to during use, and each of the tests is covered by a different homologated testing procedure and standard.
A helmet is designed to protect the wearer’s head against hazards and the depending on the type of protection required, different standards apply. An operator in their place of work may be exposed to several risks: from a head injury from a foreign object to an injury resulting from use of the PPE itself. Helmets protect the wearer from falling objects, flying objects or hanging loads which may cause a head injury and they are regulated under EN 397:2012+A1:2012; helmets which protect the wearer from head injuries sustained from an impact with solid fixed objects are covered by EN 812:2012; high-performance helmets designed to protect against falling objects, falls from a high place, brain injury, cranial fractures and neck injuries arising from them are covered by EN 14052:2012+A1:2012.

New AITEX facilities to evaluate PPE requirements


Statutory requirements

Among the statutory requirements are those relating to physical standards to guarantee optimum ergonomics and mechanical requirements relating to the helmet’s protective performance. There are three main tests which test the performance of the helmet against the risks described previously.
The first is the impact absorbance test, which evaluates the helmet’s ability to protect by dispersing the energy of an impact depending on the type of helmet and degree of protection required.
The test to determine penetration by a sharp object will measure the helmet’s ability to protect the wearer against this type of risk and finally, the chinstrap performance test, evaluates how firmly the helmet sits on the wearer.
The first two tests, impact absorbance and penetration, are performed after several conditioning procedures have been completed to simulate the deterioration suffered over time, high temperature (4 h-24 h at +50º C), low temperature (4 h-24 h at -10 ºC), immersion in water (4 h-24 h), artificial UV ageing (400 h) and mechanical action (a sequence of tests); to guarantee the performance of the helmet throughout its lifetime.

Optional requirements

Optional requirements depend on additional protection that the manufacturer wishes to declare: impact absorption at very high (1 h at +150 ºC) and very low temperature (4h – 24 h at -20/-30/-40 ºC), extremely high impact resistance at very high (1 h at +150 ºC) and very low temperatures (4 h to 24 h at -20/-30/-40 ºC), electrical insulation performance (440 ac), lateral deformity performance and resistance to molten metal splashing.


Statutory information for an article which is on sale

AITEX provides a wide-ranging service covering the evaluation of PPEs as well as all the statutory information which must appear on a label when the article is offered for sale: this includes marks, the information leaflet and labels. Our new facility places AITEX at the forefront of public headgear-testing laboratories.


The mark is the first visible information available to the user and is designed to display the degree of protection offered by the PPE. It may be moulded into or printed onto the helmet and must show the Standard which the helmet conforms to, the manufacturer and the year of manufacture, the model number, size, composition and the KS symbol if the helmet is equipped with a chinstrap (only for helmets covered by EN 14052:2012+A1:2012).

Information leaflet

The helmet must be accompanied by a manufacturer’s information leaflet in the language where the article is sold which must be legible and easily-understood and include the following information: A description of the risks that the helmet protects against, the model designation, the harmonised European law it complies with, size, material of manufacture, etc.

Product labelling

Protective headgear must also be accompanied by a permanent label showing the following advice: the correct mode of use, protection provided, replacement of equipment when it has suffered a severe impact, the risks posed by modifying or removing components or the application of accessories which are not recommended by the manufacturer and the use of paints or solvents which may affect performance, unless recommended in the instructions. Helmets covered by EN 812:2012 also include a warning that they do not comply with EN 397:2012+A1:2012, but offer less protection while helmets covered by EN 14052:2012+A1:2012, in addition to the above also include a warning that use of the helmet does not always prevent death or long-term invalidity, as well as being required to include a chinstrap if indicated on the KS.
AITEX was recently audited and was granted the status of accredited testing laboratory and Notifying Body and can now provide its services to any manufacturer wishing to sell their products under the various harmonised standards.


13 September, 2017 0 comment
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Industry is at the doors of a new revolution known as Industry 4.0. The virtual and real worlds are combining to transform the traditional industrial processes and improve productivity and turning manufacturing companies into highly-competitive smart work places.

While Industry 4.0 is a well-known moniker within the manufacturing community, less well-understood is what it actually means, nor the technologies involved or their application and benefits, etc. WHAT IS INDUSTRY 4.0?


Previous industrial revolutions have been made possible by a series of tools and technological advances; the first was the steam engine, the second was globalisation and mass production and the third was brought about by computers, electronics and renewable energy. Today, new technological concepts we call “digital enablers” such as big data*, robotics, smart sensors and the Internet of Things are revolutionising industry.
Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution which is incorporating new digital technologies into industrial processes: the digital transformation.

AITEX’s “Industria 4.0 Textil” initiative was created out of the need to reduce the effect of these obstacles to digital transformation.  The aim is to create the most favourable environment possible for the adoption of digital technology by Valencian textile companies.

The project’s overall goal is to identify, assess, support and initiate a series of initiatives for companies in the Communidad de Valencia aimed at making digitalisation for Industry 4.0 more specific and tailored to the needs of the textile sector.
The ability to maintain a competitive edge depends on the capacity for adaptation to this evolutionary step. It depends on the ability to transform digitally.

Article published in AITEX review, May 2017

15 August, 2017 0 comment
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AITEX organizes the kick-off meeting of the H2020 BBI-JU BIOSEA project, in its facilities in Alcoy, 21-22/06/2017, which is aimed at validating and scaling-up a complete production process of active ingredients obtention from algal biomass.

AITEX coordinates the BIOSEA project consortium and participates in the technical work package of evaluation of active principles and new products formulation, through different encapsulation processes, as: Spray Drying, Coacervation, Co-extrusion/gelling, Interfacial polymerization, Liposomes and High pressure supercritical CO2.




¨This project has received funding from the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 745622¨.
Info and opinions in this website reflect only the author’s view and the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
11 July, 2017 0 comment
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AITEX organizes the first WORKSHOP of the Creativewear Project “CREATIVITY LABORATORY FOR TECHNICAL AND FUNCTIONAL TEXTILES” in the room Àgora (Alcoy, Alicante).

The seminar revealed examples of creativity applied to the business sector and explained the 2 initiatives in which AITEX participates to promote collaboration between creative and textile-clothing companies (CREATIVEWEAR and WORTH projects). About 20 entities and professionals from different textile and creative fields (product design, graphic design, painters, artists, etc. …), as well as representatives from the University of Valencia and Alcoy Municipality, were invited to evaluate and participate in such initiatives.


Programme co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). The author is liable for this publication. The Managing Authority is not responsible for any use that could be made of information contained in this publication.

3 July, 2017 0 comment
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AITEX participates in the H2020 PROTECT project meeting held in Torino (Italy), 14-15/06/2017 where the results of the first 6 months of the project have been presented.
 AITEX coordinates the obtention and characterisation of a broad range of antibacterial and antibiofilm products (fabrics for public use and hospitals, water treatment membranes and medical devices) obtained with 3 pre-commercial lines using ultrasound coating with nanoparticles.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No 720851”.
Info and opinions in this website reflect only the author’s view and the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

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19 June, 2017 0 comment
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